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Governments play an important role in promoting resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production patterns. UNEP works closely with governments encouraging and supporting the development and implementation of effective policies to promote sustainable consumption and production and accelerate the shift towards more resource efficient economies and sustainable lifestyles. Some key areas of work include developing national and regional SCP strategies, supporting the implementation of National Programmes and Action Plans on SCP, developing green economy assessments, promoting Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) and developing capacity for the integration of SCP objectives in development plans.

Private Sector/Business & Industry

UNEP works in partnership with a range of international business organisations and industry associations to promote sustainable consumption and production (SCP) and corporate environmental and social responsibility (CESR) principles, policies, strategies and practices. Activities focus on engaging associations, business development institutions, companies, labour unions and local entrepreneurs in the incorporation of sustainability and the triple bottom line approach as part of core business. Key local partners in supporting technology transformation, safer production and capacity building include national cleaner production centres, national business and industry associations, training and research institutes as well as industrial centres of excellence.

Other UN organizations

UNEP partners with many UN programmes, organizations, conventions, offices in working towards achieving its mandate and encourages partnership in resource efficiency related topics.  

Civil Society/Major Groups

Civil Society, including Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) are important stakeholders and provide active support in implementing projects and initiatives on resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production. They have for example been participating in the Marrakech Process through the regional consultation and international meetings (some working directly on Marrakech Task Forces), leading to the adoption of the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on SCP (10YFP) , in June 2012 at the Rio+20 conference. The Major Groups, namely Business and Industry, Children and Youth, Farmers, Indigenous Peoples, Local Authorities, NGOs, Scientific and Technological Community, Women and Workers and Trade Unions are taking part in the 10YFP, as well as in many UNEP initiatives.

Scientists, Academics and Researchers

Scientists, academics and researchers provide scientific knowledge and data on the environmental and social impacts of the extraction, manufacturing and use of resources, and of patterns of consumption and production. They are key partners in developing new approaches to promote SCP and resource efficiency, including work areas such as lifecycle thinking, sustainable innovation, indicators, and conceptual work on decoupling.